Baart was introduced to the USDA in 1900 from Australia, and introduced to Australia from South Africa around 1880. “Baard” wheat was mentioned in South African literature as early as 1739 and may have originally been introduced to SA from Western Europe. “Baart” means bearded in Dutch, and is a good description of this long-awned variety with extremely long glumes and kernels. Baart was grown on 889,325 acres in the western states in 1939.
- Classification of Wheat Varieties Grown in the United States in 1939, USDA Technical Bulletin No. 795, June 1942